The term transnational refers to communities (individuals or groups) settled in different national societies, sharing common interests and references -territorial, religious, linguistic- and using transnational networks to consolidate solidarity beyond national boundaries. Transnationalism leads to forms of 'multiple belonging', fostered by increased mobility and communications and contributing to the formation and maintenance of relations that transcend national boundaries and create a transnational space of cultural, economic and political participation.

The implication of increased nationality is greater interdependence between [migrant] sending and host countries. As the OCDE observes, the debate is no longer about the impact of migration on the respective countries but has become inseparable from the issue of human rights, the political and economic development of the country of origin and the national cohesion and future of the welfare state in the host societies.


  • Faist, T. (1998). Transnational social spaces out of international migration: evolution, significance and future prospects. Archives Européenes de Sociologie, 39 (2), 213-247.
  • Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (2001). Cooperation and development, migration policies and EU enlargement: The case of central and eastern Europe. Paris: OCDE.
  • Veenkamp, Theo; Bentley, Tom; & Buonfino, Allessandra (2003). People flow: Managing migration in a new European Commonwealth. London: Demos.