A community is established only when it has self-sufficient integrative mechanisms; that is, when the maintenance of its existence and form is provided for by its own processes and is not dependent upon those of externals systems or member-units.

A political community is a community that possesses three kinds of integration:

  1. it has effective control over the use of means of violence (though it can “delegate” some of its control to member-units);
  2. it has a center of decision making that is able to affect significantly the allocation of resources and rewards throughout the community; and
  3. it is the dominant focus of political identification for the large majority of politically aware citizens.


  • Etzioni, Amitai. Political Unification Revisited: On Building Supranational Communities. Lexington Books, Lanham, MA, 2001